Founding of Lahore

Further to the nice informative blog by Nomee, another member here; I thought that maybe I should also shed some light on historical aspects regarding the founding of Lahore. Much of the information I will present here is what I read in various books regarding Lahore and have translated here.

For two thousand years Lahore has been the capital of the Punjab and one thousand years ago, there was not a single muslim in Lahore as was written by the famous historian, Bahadur Kanaiha Laal Hindi. However, during the time of Ghaznavi, Al-Beruni travelled this area and he writes that Lahore is not the name of a city but of a region. In 372AH, Al-Beruni wrote that Lahore’s ruler is the deputy of the Ameer of Multan; it’s bazaars are full of life, this is a city of mandirs, here you find pine, almond, and coconut trees in abundance. Sheikh Ahmed Ranjani wrote in 435AH that Lahore was founded by Chach Bandra while Sajjan Rai Bhandari has written that Lahore was founded by Ram Chandar’s son, Lohu and was subsequenty governed by several Hindu dynasties.

Did Lahore exist when Alexander’s armies traversed the land of the Punjab in 4th century BC? Although not establised from contemporary chornicles, the 19th century British archaeologist Alexander Cunningham is confident that Amba Kapi ruins close to Lahore are the Amakatis, mentioned in historical accounts as being near Ptolemy’s Labokla. The first record of the existence of Lahore is provided by Hiuen Tsiang, a Chinese pilgrim, who mentions a Brahmanical city that he visited in 630 AD on his way to Jullunder.

Lahore’s history is ripe with periods of ups and downs. Many a rulers came and left and in doing so forever left their marks on this amazing city of which it is an amalgam now. Its stories, over the years, have been heard in countless captials of the world and are still being heard. This city has seen Hindu Kings, Muslim Sultans, Sikh Rajas, and even occupation at the hands of the British but for a thousand years, this city has been the city of Hazrat Ali Hajveri Data Gunj Baksh, Hazrat Miran Hussein Zanjani, Hazrat Mian Mir, and countless other saints who lit the candle of truth in this ditch of darkness. The rulers came and went, like the bubbles on the surface of the ocean, they rose and they vanished; however, the noble saints and the light of truth they brought are forever alive in this city.

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